Chrysanthemum 'Jessica' is another perennial mum hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 2 through 10, mums flower best in full sun or partial shade. Mums contain substances that can be toxic to cats, dogs and horses, so keep that in mind if you have pets that might munch on them. Known for having the ability to withstand long bouts of direct sunlight, chrysanthemums, or mums, make good flowers for the garden and the house. Learn how to prep your lawn for fall and winter to ensure green grass come spring. Most are simply grown as annuals -- especially those in pots. Different cultivars come into bloom at different times. A layer of mulch on top of the pots will also help keep the roots warm. Mums, also known as chrysanthemums (Dendranthema grandiflorum), are flowering plants that add color and life to … Just try not to get your hopes up too much. above the ground. The clusters are called heads. Deadheading regularly will produce the maximum period of flowering. In most cases, it is best to treat it as an annual and pitch the flowers onto the compost pile after they die off with the first frost. Some of the many types of mums sport single, daisylike flowers, while others have semidouble or double flowers. The new shoots will begin active growth in early spring. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English literature/journalism from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, and has written professionally for over 27 years. Plant in spring and divide every two years. Chrysanthemums (Dendranthema or Chrysanthemum spp.) These potted mums are sometimes marketed as "garden mums" instead of "florist mums." Mums are so widespread in the fall that they have become a symbol of autumn. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. This year’s stems will die away over the winter. Chrysanthemum 'Saxapahaw' is mum that features rose flowers with yellow centers. This doesn't mean you shouldn't buy them -- they are a great way to add a splash of color to your outdoor space -- but don't expect to be able to plant them when they start to go dormant. Mums are fairly easy to grow. Chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum spp. Each flower is actually a cluster of tiny florets. They are also often root-bound. Cut the brown foliage and stems, leaving 1 inch above the soil line. Potted mums are not usually meant to be grown as perennials, however, and most die after a few weeks. Although your potted mums may look dead, they might just be dormant. Although in cases of killing frost, you may wish to cover your mums, for the most part, covering mums in the evening is a way to ensure they flower earlier. How to Make Potted Mums Come Back. The chrysanthemum, or fall ''mum'' for short, blooms in late summer and fall. Stop pinching the stems back after buds form, so as not to interfere with blooming. 13 Ways to Get Your Lawn Ready for Cool Weather. Space mums about 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart, allowing them room to fill out. Mums purchased as annuals in late summer do not require this treatment. Most potted mums are sold as "florist mums," according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker. Cut back the dead foliage to the surface of the soil and bury the pot up to the edge. What Temperatures Do Mums Withstand?. Although both are often grown as annuals, they have a good chance of surviving the winter if they are cut back to about 6 inches from the ground and surrounded by a thick layer of mulch before winter sets in, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. Though garden or hardy mums (C. morifolium) are perennials, they are often grown as annuals in pots, containers and window boxes. The bright colors of garden mums (Dendranthema x grandiflora or Chrysanthemum x grandiflorum) are as much a … Potted mums start to pop up in grocery stores and nurseries as the weather starts to cool, and home gardeners snap them up to add autumn cheer to their front porches and back decks. Creating new plants from your favorite mums is … Space mums about 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart, allowing them room to fill out. It features heavily ruffled, bright yellow blooms. However, even the strongest plants wilt and begin to die without proper care. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Plant them at the same depth as they were in the pot and water them thoroughly after planting. I really don't want to waste money if these are going to die. Late-blooming cultivars flower after mid-October. ''Taylor's Guide to Growing North America's Favorite Plants'' recommends growing them with other fall-blooming plants, such as asters, ornamental grasses and monkshoods. Mums range from 1-foot-tall cushion types to clumps that reach 2 feet or more. Keep mums outdoors until the foliage and flowers die back after the first frost. bloom in late summer and fall and are prized for their wide range of shapes, sizes and colors. What to Do With the Leaves Piling Up in Your Yard . Mum's the word . The leaves of the plant will die back and become brown after a few hard frosts have hit your area. Some mums are early bloomers, while others are mid-season bloomers or late-blooming varieties. They require short days and long nights to bloom. Mid-season mums bloom in late September through October. ), often nicknamed mums, are one of the most reliable garden plants for late summer and fall. While some people try to overwinter their mums, it is difficult to pull off successfully (unless you get a hardy mum). Mums, also known as chrysanthemums (Dendranthema grandiflorum), are flowering plants that add color and life to … Once the mums shrivel up and turn brown, most home gardeners simply toss them on the compost heap and buy new ones next season. Cut back the stems of the mums to 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm.) Do Mums Need to Be Covered at Night?. These will not overwinter well, if at all. Your best option for keeping those mums alive year-round is to choose potted mums that are hardy enough to be grown as perennials. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 2 through 10, mums flower best in full sun or partial shade. The heads bloom in many colors, including bronze, purple, pink, yellow, white and red. In general, mums are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9, although this can vary slightly by species. Karen Holcomb is a freelance writer who lives and works in Southwestern Ohio. Choose a location that is in full sunlight and has rich, well-draining soil for best results. This gives them time to establish deep roots before they start blooming. This will help keep the roots warm. Pinch the stems between mid-spring and midsummer to promote bushiness. I'm in Indianapolis and our winters can be brutally cold. The buds begin to form on the plant in mid- to late July. Do You Deadhead Mums When the Flowers Die?. When to Bring in Mums From the Outside. In general, mums are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9, but this varies by species and variety, according to the University of Vermont. Pinch the stems between mid-spring and midsummer to promote bushiness. No matter the season, leaves can show up and stack up. Water plants regularly. Keep in mind, however, that they might not sprout again the following spring. Early-blooming mums usually flower during the month of September.