Judges 3:31. Judges 3:31.Shamgar was the son of Anath and from the tribe of Benjamite. par. He too saved Israel. The treacherous assassination of a hostile king is not to be regarded as an act of the Spirit of God, and therefore is not set before us as an example to be imitated. 3:31 An ox goad - As Samson did a thousand with the jaw - bone of an ass; both being miraculous actions, and not at all incredible to him that believes a God, who could easily give strength to effect this. Disarmament was the universal policy of ancient days (1Samuel 13:19); and this reduced the Israelites to the use of inventive skill in very simple weapons (1Samuel 17:40; 1Samuel 17:43). The Athenians, in their painting of Marathon, in the PÅcile, represented the gigantic rustic, Echetlus, who was supposed to have slain so many of the Persians, with his ploughshare (Pausan. 31 After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath,(A) who struck down six hundred(B) Philistines(C) with an oxgoad. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek.
& Canaan. Coming soon: our Thanksgiving email series will be an exercise in biblical renewal. Shamgar means âname of a strangerâ (comp. Wesley's Notes for Judges 3:31. Second, What can we learn from Shamgar today? (q) Homer. 6. ver. If he slew 600 with his own hand, the whole number that perished would almost certainly have been added. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. We know nothing of Shamgarâs tribe or family, but, as neither his name nor that of his father is Jewish, it has been conjectured that he may have been a Kenite; a conjecture which derives some confirmation from his juxtaposition with Jael in Judges 5:6.
Since the writer doesn’t give any details other than what is already given I am goi… He also delivered Israel.âJosephus (Antt. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. Hom. Israel’s peace with the Moabites then lasted for 80 … There is, indeed, no impossibility (even apart from Divine assistance, which is implied though not expressly attributed to him) in the supposition that in a battle which may have lasted for more than one day a single chief may with his own hand have killed this number, for we are told that in a night battle against Moawijah, Ali raised a shout each time he had killed an enemy, and his voice was heard 300 times in one night; and a story closely resembling that of Shamgar is narrated of a Swedish peasant; but the question here is merely one of interpretation, and nothing is more common in Scripture, as in all literature, than to say that a leader personally did what was done under his leadership, e.g., âSaul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousandsâ (1Samuel 18:7). All rights reserved worldwide.
Iliad, vi. Such an instrument, wielded by a strong arm, would do no mean execution. v. 4, Â§ 3), following some Jewish hagadah, says that Shamgar was chosen judge, but died in the first year of his office. In Judges 5, Deborah links Shamgar from the south with Jael from the north. Ehud's conduct must be judged according to the spirit of those times, when it was thought allowable to adopt any means of destroying the enemy of one's nation. Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Shamgar. We may suppose, however, for the notice is very fragmentary, that Shamgar was only the leader of a band of peasants, who by means of such implements of labor as they could lay hold of at the moment, achieved the heroic exploit recorded. Ehud proved himself to have been raised up by the Lord as the deliverer of Israel, simply by the fact that he actually delivered his people from the bondage of the Moabites, and it by no means follows that the means which he selected were either commanded or approved by Jehovah.
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Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Grershom, âa stranger thereâ). 134.
He too saved Israel." 20). Judges 3:31 - "After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an ox goad. With an ox goad.âThe LXX.
It is armed at the lesser end with a sharp prong for driving the cattle, and on the other with a small iron paddle for removing the clay which encumbers the plough in working. (r) Hieozoic. Comp. 15, Â§ 4). i. He ruled for an unknown number of years. First, how ordinary people like Shamgar with no military training slain 600 battle-hardened Philistines?
And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel. But like Shamgar, we will share in the victories that God, the leader of his people, provides for his church as he oversees his campaign. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. The sacred text gives us no further particulars concerning him than that he slew six hundred of them with an ox-goad; or, as the Latin and Greek versions render it, with a plough-share. renders it âbesides the oxen.â These translations are not tenable. Judges 5:6 In the days of Shamgar son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were deserted and the travelers took the byways. Similarly the Thracian king Lycurgus is said to have chased the Bacchanals with an ox-goad (bouplÃªgi, II. (Codex B) and Vulgate have âwith a ploughshare;â and the Alexandrian Codex of the LXX. 31 After him was (A)Shamgar the son of Anath, who killed 600 of the Philistines (B)with an oxgoad, and he also (C)saved Israel.
New International Version (NIV). 1. l. 2. c. 39. col. 385. The fact of their deliverer having no better weapon enhances his faith, and the power of his divine helper. Judges 3:31 English Standard Version (ESV) Shamgar. vi. Six hundred men.âIt has been most needlessly assumed that he slew them single-handed, and not, as is probable, at the head of a band of peasants armed with the same rude weapons as himself. He slaughtered 600 invading Philistines with an oxgoad, a formidable weapon about 3 meters long with a sharp metal point. And it will not all depend on us either. Find out more here. The use of themâsince whips were not used for cattleâis alluded to in 1Samuel 13:21; Acts 9:5. Jos 13:2; Jdg 10:11; 13:1; 1Sa 5:1; 31:1; 2Sa 8:1; Jer 25:20; 47:1, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NIV, Biblical Theology Study Bible, Comfort Print: Follow God’s Redemptive Plan as It Unfolds throughout Scripture, NIV, Chronological Study Bible: Holy Bible, New International Version, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Luke, Comfort Print. He does not mention his deed of prowess. At the same time it shows how low the men of Judah were brought at this time, being disarmed by their oppressors Judges 5:8, as was also the case later 1 Samuel 13:19. slew … six hundred men with an oxgoad—This instrument is eight feet long and about six inches in circumference. This may have been a mere inference, from his being passed over in Judges 4:1.
(l) So that it is not the number, nor the means that God regards, when he will get the victory.
Although Jehovah raised up Ehud as a deliverer to His people when oppressed by Eglon, it is not stated (and this ought particularly to be observed) that the Spirit of Jehovah came upon Ehud, and still less that Ehud assassinated the hostile king under the impulse of that Spirit. The phrase occurs here aloneâbemalmad ha bÄkÄr; literally, âwith a thing to teach oxen.â There can be little doubt that an ox-goad is meant. Last time we considered Ehud, a valiant left-handed judge who led the people to victory against the Moabites. New International Version Update. And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. So Lycurgus is said to put to flight the forces of Bacchus with an ox goad (q) which is said to be done near Carmel, a mountain in Judea, which makes it probable that this is hammered out of the sacred history; or that Shamgar and Lycurgus are the same, as Bochart conjectures (r). Being disarmed, the Israelites would be unable to find any more effective weapon (Judges 5:6; Judges 5:8). Judges 3:30 So Moab was subdued under the hand of Israel that day, and the land had rest for eighty years. In the East they are sometimes formidable implements, eight feet long, pointed with a strong sharp iron head. 134), and that in this very neighbourhood (ânear Carmel,â Nonnus, Dionys. The best value in digital Bible study. Shamgar - After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad. It did not all depend on Shamgar. Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. The ox goad, as now used in those parts, is an instrument fit to do great execution with it, as Mr. Maundrell (s), who saw many of them, describes it; on measuring them, he found them to be eight feet long, at the bigger end six inches in circumference, at the lesser end was a sharp prickle for driving the oxen, and at the other end a small spade, or paddle of iron, for cleansing the plough from the clay: and he also delivered Israel, from those robbers and plunderers, and prevented their doing any further mischief in the land, and subjecting it to their power, and so may very properly be reckoned among the judges of Israel; but how long he judged is not said, perhaps his time is to be reckoned into the eighty years of rest before mentioned; or, as Abarbinel thinks, into the forty years of Deborah, the next judge; and who also observes, that their Rabbins say, Shamgar judged but one year. After him was Shamgar — He was the third judge of the Israelites, and delivered them from some small oppressions which they suffered from the Philistines.
(s) Journey to Aleppo, &c. p. 110, 111. In my sermon today I want to answer two questions. Jdg 3:31.