Ludlow became Crown property in 1461, and under the ownership of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, it became a major base in the Wars of the Roses. The castle was at the heart of the 12th century civil war known as The Anarchy, when Queen Matilda and King Stephen vied for control of the English throne. British royal residences are palaces, castles and houses occupied by … Following Warwicks death at the Battle of Barnet in 1471, Edward was restored to the throne and his brother Richard married Anne Neville, Warwicks daughter. Not an easy time to be the king of England, powerful nobles were challenging the authority of the crown. Free open access at any reasonable time.\t'),newpoints[41]=new Array(54.324764,-2.751084,icon1,"\tCastle Howe\t",'\tCastle Howe,\tKendal, Cumbria\t
Owned by: \tSouth Lakeland District Council\t
Earthwork remains of a Norman motte and bailey castle.\tOne of two castles in Kendal, Castle Howe was built shortly after the Norman conquest of England. The remainder of the castle was destroyed by fire in the late 18th century. Carisbrooke experienced its only serious action in 1377, when it was unsuccessfully attacked by a French raiding force. As both Catholics and Royalists, the Howards supported the king during the English Civil War; as a consequence the castle was destroyed by Parliamentarians in 1648. Remains of a 14th century pele tower within a demolished 19th-century country mansion. Set on the banks of the River Exe, Powderham was started around 1400 by Sir Philip Courtenay, son of Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon. Such was the importance of Brougham that Edward I, Hammer of the Scots, visited in 1300. The stone castle dates from around 1162, and was the home of Rosamund Clifford, also known as Fair Rosamund, mistress of Henry II. Broken into and ransacked in the 14th century, the castle was abandoned and fell in to ruin. By the 18th century the uninhabited castle had fallen into disrepair. [10] However, the castle had fallen into ruin by the time the Manners family inherited it in 1508. The chapel and castle remains were incorporated into the 'new' bishop's palace which was built in 1684. '),newpoints[180]=new Array(54.953803,-2.861641,icon1,"Scaleby Castle",'Scaleby Castle, Cumbria
Owned by: \tPrivately owned
Built in 1307 and extended a century later, Scaleby Castle was once enclosed by a double moat (although only the outer moat remains). In 1473 during the War of the Roses, the Earl of Oxford held the island under siege for 23 weeks. Excavated by Bedfordshire Archaeology Council, the site is now all but leveled.\t'),newpoints[44]=new Array(53.1853,-2.8923,icon1,"\tChester Castle: Agricola Tower\t",'\tChester Castle: Agricola Tower,\tChester, Cheshire\t
Owned by: \tEnglish Heritage\t
\tSurviving part of the medieval Chester Castle.\tThis 12th century tower is the only surviving part of medieval Chester Castle. The curtain wall and tower have been incorporated into the 19th century house, which is privately owned and not normally open to visitors.\t'),newpoints[32]=new Array(52.024445,-.401174,icon1,"\tCainhoe Castle\t",'\tCainhoe Castle,\tClophill, Bedfordshire\t
Owned by: \tScheduled Ancient Monument\t
Earthworks of an 11th century Norman motte and bailey castle.\tThis 11th century Norman motte and bailey castle was built by Nigel d'Aubigny, sometime after the Norman Invasion of 1066. In the years that followed, the Sutherlands added to the castle, making it more comfortable and defensible. In 1646, during the English Civil War, the castle withstood a five-month siege before finally surrendering to Parliamentary forces, the last Royalist position in the west of England to fall.