The authors of the study told the Explainer that more recent testing has found concentrations as high as 50 ppm. anon84511 May 16, 2010 . 1.4 advises us that: “Enzymes in your liver break down n-hexane…. The study (PDF) that’s now in the news found 21 ppm of hexane in soy meal—the defatted soy flakes that are used in products like energy bars and veggie burgers. Got a question about today’s news? Then the oil and defatted flakes are each steamed to evaporate the hexane. Hexane may be present in the following foods under the conditions specified: (a) In spice oleoresins as a residue from the extraction of spice, at a level not to exceed 25 parts per million.

“Many soy foods, thought of as ‘healthy options’ on grocery store shelves, contain ingredients that were processed with a neurotoxic and highly-polluting … Delve deeper into the nuances of organic with these videos. It has low viscosity and a low heat of vaporization. Keep in mind that labels that state the product is made with organic ingredients may still use ingredients that have been exposed to hexane. No study has ever tested how much hexane a person can safely eat over the course of a lifetime, but rodent studies suggest that your Thanksgiving tofurkey isn’t going to kill you. Hexane is a chemical by product of gasoline refining. The result is called the reference dose and serves as the basis for the legal limits, after accounting for the average person’s daily consumption habits. "More Is Better" Doesn't Necessarily Apply When Trying to Build Muscle, The 9 Best MCT Oils, According to a Dietitian, How Free Radicals Can Develop in Our Bodies, Walnut Oil Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits, The 6 Best Poison Ivy and Poison Oak Prevention Products of 2020, Gluten-Free and Vegan? Hexane is generally believed to be toxic or at least harmful when inhaled, and there have been instances of workplace injury and even death when people have spent long hours each day exposed to its fumes. Any unused portion of the chemical should be recycled for its approved use or returned to the supplier. Several hundred million pounds of hexane are produced in the United States each year in the form of solvents. Due to its exclusive carbon-hydrogen makeup and the fact that it only has single molecular bonds, it can be classified as a straight-chain alkane. Solvents Banned in Organics all too Common in “Natural” Food Production. They are also used to extract cooking oils (such as canola oil or soy oil) from seeds, for cleansing and degreasing a variety of items, and in textile manufacturing. Hexane is classified as an air pollutant by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and as a neurotoxin by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The information on this page is current as of April 1 2019. Hexane is also a non-polar molecule, which means that it is not soluble in water. Cornucopia has also created a short video, available on YouTube, spotlighting the hexane issue, and a food guide for name-brand soy products. Unlike Clif Bar, which uses hexane-extracted soy protein, Nature’s Path has never sourced primary ingredients extracted with hexane, although one of their minor ingredients, soy lecithin, was hexane-extracted until they learned of an organic alternative through The Cornucopia Institute’s research and associated consumer interest.

Hexane is a solvent made from crude oil. Dirty Little Secret in the Natural Foods Industry: Toxic Chemical Use. The carbons are chained in a row, one following the next. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (eCFR). H.E. While other countries set legal limits of hexane residues in foods, the US Food and Drug Administration does not require that food companies test foods for hexane residues. All contents © 2020 The Slate Group LLC. (OSHA limits the amount of hexane workers can huff during an eight-hour shift.) Maybe a tiny bit, but only because of the lack of data.

Hexane is a solvent made from crude oil. “Because of concerns around hexane, we have eliminated the use of hexane-extracted soy protein in our four products that contain soy protein concentrate.”. It's been falsely marketed as "health food" since the 90's for Monsanto's profit. None of the oils contained more than 0.13 milligrams per kilogram of oil and 88 percent contained no traces of hexane at all. “At Nature’s Path, we strive to improve and better ourselves every day—even though we’ve been at it for decades. It is a common processing agent for soy oil, soy meal (fed to livestock) and soyfood ingredients, and is an inexpensive tool for high protein extraction. In the food industry, hexane is used to extract the vegetable oil from plant seeds such as canola, soybeans, sunflowers, and corn because it is more efficient and less expensive than squeezing out the oil with presses. Avoid both and also Pomace olive oil; it uses the same process. Accessed March 6, 2016. http://www.labor.bs.ch/files/berichte/Report0424.pdf, The United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Soy is a hoax! That’s about 1.4 million veggie burgers per person, per day. The crude soy oil is shipped to vegetable oil manufacturers—most vegetable oils are made from soy—to have the remaining proteins and free fatty acids removed. High exposure can cause skin irritation, dizziness, and nausea that progressively worsen over time. Hexane. CORNUCOPIA, WI—Since 2009, when research by The Cornucopia Institute exposed “the dirty little secret” of the soyfoods industry, vocal concern from consumers over the use of the toxic solvent hexane has led several prominent food companies to switch to cleaner soy ingredients in their veggie burgers and nutrition bars. A typical diet, even one with a lot of hexane-extracted vegetable oil, would fall very far short of that. “We are pleased to see that several industry leaders have responded to consumer concerns by switching to ingredients produced without the dangerous chemical.”. This is most common in factories where oil extractions, industrial cleaning, or certain manufacturing operations take place. Most consumers already know that organic soybeans were not grown with toxic pesticides and other agrichemicals and are never grown with genetically engineered seed. It is often found listed as an ingredient in leather and shoe glue, for instance, and is sometimes used in roofing or tiling adhesives, too. Air is a more efficient vehicle than a soy Chick’n Nugget to get hexane into your blood, because the inhaled chemical bypasses your liver. The EPA has estimated that consuming less than 0.06 milligrams hexane per kilogram of body weight is probably safe.

As good as it is at breaking compounds down, hexane can also be good at helping things stick together, particularly when used in conjunction with other non-water soluble compounds. Most hexane exposure comes through the air, however, if you wish to eliminate hexane residues from your diet, you can choose foods that are "100-percent organic" and oils that are expeller-pressed rather than solvent-extracted. Hexane is toxic, and exposure to large amounts of it can cause neurological damage. The solvent of choice is commercial hexane, a petroleum fraction with a boiling range of 65–70 °C.

In the food industry, hexane is used to extract the vegetable oil from plant seeds such as canola, soybeans, sunflowers, and corn because it is more efficient and less expensive than squeezing out the oil with presses. The solution isn’t normally very expensive, either, which is often a factor. The mixture of hexane and oil, called miscella, is further processed in a distillation process to recover the hexane from the vegetable oil. Are "concretes" and other essential oils derivatives extracted with hexane safe or toxic? What are the Different Types of Solvents. Many types of plants and vegetables are treated with this chemical in order to extract their oils and proteins for use in other products. When drawn as a Kekulé structure, it is a line of six carbons, each of which has four line-bonds.