[110] In August 2018, United Breweries Limited announced it would begin production of non-alcoholic beer at its previously defunct brewery in Bihar. Along with the Chota Nagpur plateau in Jharkhand to the south, these give Bihar a diverse climate. [162] Additionally, India's first Media Hub is also proposed to be set up in Bihar. 1928), Patna Women's College, Bihar Veterinary College (est. The tenth and the last guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh, was born in Patna in 1666. [61] Other notable wildlife sanctuaries include Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary and Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary. Rajkumar Shyamanand Sinha of Champanagar, Banaili princely state, was a great patron of music and was himself one of the finest exponents of classical vocal music in Bihar in his time. Though the foothills of the Himalayas begin in Nepal, a short distance to the north, these mountains influence Bihar's landforms, climate and hydrology. [12] Bihar is also the world's third-most populous subnational entity. [31][32] Regions of Bihar – such as Magadha, Mithila and Anga – are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India. – discuss], The Mahabodhi Temple, among the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha and UNESCO World Heritage Site, Gurudwara Patna sahib, Birthplace of GuruGovind Singh, The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar, Historically, Bihar has been a major centre of learning, home to the ancient universities of Nalanda (est. The classical music in Bihar is a form of Hindustani classical music. On 8 August 2008, Indian Institutes of Technology Patna was inaugurated with students from all over India[150] In 2008, NSIT opened its new college in Bihta, which is now emerging as an education hub. The role of the Ganges as a channel for trade was enhanced by its natural links to major rivers and streams in north and south Bihar. It was started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a Marathi Brahman who settled in Bihar Sharif. The bifurcation of Bihar took place on November 15, 2000, and a new state Jharkhand was born. In 2015, the central government had proposed re-establishment of Vikramshila in Bhagalpur and had designated ₹500 crores (5 billion rupees) for it. This Bihar Map also shows other Indian states neighboring the state of Bihar and also its international boundary with Nepal. [43][44][45][46] D. N. Jha suggests, instead, that these incidents were the result of Buddhist–Brahmin skirmishes in a fight for supremacy. [124] Several other commercially successful films followed, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry", 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy", 2005). Crocodiles (including muggers) and Gangetic turtles can be found in the river systems. It was also India's most densely populated state, with 1,106 persons per square kilometre. Case study of Bihar and Jharkhand", "Economic consequences of ill-health for households in northern rural India", "National Accounts Division : Press release & Statements", "Bihar fastest growing state, Maharashtra tops in economic size: Report", "Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Bihar", "Bihar posts avg GDP growth rate of 10.5% last decade", "26 Bihar districts declared drought-hit – igovernment.in", "About Hajipur, General Information on Hajipur, Hajipur Profile", "For Bihar, P stands for Patna and prosperity", "Bihar security firm sets foot in Australia", "Prohibition forces United Breweries out of Bihar", "National Awards 2016: Here is the complete List of Winners", "Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo (1962)", "For my female audiences, I'll wear a really flimsy dhoti", "Sita temples in India that you may not know about", Pratham.org | Pratham – A Network of Societal Missions to Achieve Universal Primary Education in India, "CM lays foundation of engineering college", "Nitish lists special tag cry as LS poll plank", "Shortage of engineering colleges in Bihar", "New engineering colleges, polytechs to get impetus soon", "Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit), Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit) Address, Admission, Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit) Courses, Ranking, Contact Details", "Welcome to Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology – Bihta, Patna", "National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, S.A.S. The kings of the Videha Kingdom were called Janakas. [63], Most of Bihar's population belongs to Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic groups. Political 3D Map of Bihar This is not just a map. Maithili film Mithila Makhaan won the In 2010 Government of Bihar established Bihar Agricultural University at Sabour in Bhagalpur district. The main northern tributaries are the Gandak and Koshi, which originate in the Nepalese Himalayas, and the Bagmati, which originates in the Kathmandu Valley. [citation needed] Bihar has the fastest-growing state economy in terms of GSDP, with a growth rate of 17.06% in FY 2014–15. There are many other political formations. [102], Among the states of India, Bihar is the fourth-largest producer of vegetables and the eighth-largest producer of fruits. It covers an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). Its origin can be traced to 1886, with the establishment of a survey training school, subsequently renamed Bihar College of Engineering in 1932. In 2007, NIT Patna was granted Institute of National Importance status, in accordance with the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007. Since 2010, the government confiscated the properties of corrupt officials and redeployed them as schools buildings. The region roughly encompassing the present state had many Buddhist vihāras, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. The Champaran Satyagraha that followed received support from many Bihari nationalists, such as Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha. The major ones are Bhojpuri, Maithili and Magahi, but smaller ones such as Angika and Bajjika (sometimes considered a Maithili dialect) also are spoken by large numbers. When comparing Bihar to Kerala, the number of healthcare professionals (including registered nurses, auxiliary nurses, physicians and health supervisors) at each hospital are significantly lower, and remain constant over time while they steadily increase in number in Kerala. Retrieved 16 August 2014. After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer and collect tax revenue) for Bihar, Bengal and Odisha. Bihar (/bɪˈhɑːr/; Hindi pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr] (listen)) is a state in eastern India. 1905; now Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, Pusa). The 3D political map represents one of many map types and styles available. Bihar e-Governance Services & Technologies (BeST) and the government of Bihar have initiated a unique program to establish a centre of excellence called Bihar Knowledge Center, a finishing school to equip students with the latest skills and customised short-term training programs at an affordable cost. In April 1917, Mahatma Gandhi visited Champaran, where Raj Kumar Shukla had drawn his attention to the exploitation of the peasants by European indigo planters. [120] [86], Bihar generally ranks weakest in health outcomes in comparison to other Indian states. – discuss][106]^, The Finance Ministry has sought to create investment opportunities for big industrial houses like Reliance Industries. [125] Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. With political instability in the Mughal Empire following Aurangzeb's death in 1707, Murshid Quli Khan declared Bengal's independence and named himself Nawab of Bengal. [17] Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. [138], The culture and heritage of Bihar can be observed from the large number of ancient monuments spread throughout the state. In ancient and classical India, the area that is now Bihar was considered a centre of power, learning, and culture. [4] Almost 58% of Bihar's population was below 25 years age, which is the highest in India. Painting was usually done on walls during festivals, religious events, births, marriages, and other cultural milestones.